NGOs and private sector involved in land registration Indonesia

According to the National Agrarian Reform Program every plot of land in Indonesia must be certified and registered by 2025. However, using the standard land registration methodology, this target will not be reached. Can NGOs and the private sector play a role? Together with the University of Gadjah Mada, Kadaster examined the options.

Alternative land registration approach

An alternative land registration approach was investigated during the PaLaR project. PaLaR, meaning Participatory Land Registration, was tested in two pilot areas on Java and Sumatra. The assumption was that three out of four main steps in the land registration chain could be executed by NGO’s and private sector instead of the Local Land Office themselves: mobilisation of the local communities, collecting documentation (evidence) and collecting data of the boundaries. Doing so, the Local Land Offices only need to focus on the fourth step: quality control of the data and certification of the plot. This saves them a lot of time. Using alternative techniques to capture administrative and spatial data makes the registration process more affordable.

Participatory Land Registration

To verify whether PaLaR can be a solution to accelerate land registration, University of Gadjah Mada and Kadaster compared the method with the standard land registration methodology in Indonesia. The pilot demonstrated that PaLaR is compliant with the land registration system in Indonesia, suits local circumstances and delivers the completeness and legal data quality well. This was the first time that officers of ATR/BPN (Local Land Offices of the National Agrarian Agency) successfully joined forces with NGOs and the private sector in their work to register individual land parcels. The PaLaR pilot indicated a time efficiency that is useful to accelerate land parcel registration and the pilot provided a good showcase for cheaper land registration in rural areas in Indonesia. 

Abroad

This article was published in Abroad edition December 2019.
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