As a consequence, they face difficulties when, for instance, the government issues concessions. Their lands are simply not known to the government. To make up for this disadvantage, several local initiatives are mapping indigenous settlements and land use by ‘participatory mapping’. Participatory Land Use Planning and Sustainable Land Use Planning use citizens to help them map areas (crowdsourcing). Unfortunately, ATR/BPN has no procedures in place to be able to use this data. And so, there is a need for clear countrywide guidelines and procedures, involving new or altered regulations and directions. Kadaster is assisting in this process. The project is funded by the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO).
The National Land Agency, Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning (ATR/BPN) in Indonesia has registered 45% of the country, mostly cities and urbanised areas. Rural communities are often neglected.