Chad: improving land registration

The Republic of Chad's land administration faces many challenges related to the implementation and management of its conventional land tenure surveying, mapping, and recording approaches. Cadastral mapping and land registration activities are considered slow and expensive, based on key stakeholder feedback, and rely on only a few qualified professionals (surveyors) within the country. 

Without proper land information, land management becomes difficult. This situation fosters land conflicts, the non-productivity of agricultural land, uncontrolled urban development and hinders Chad's socio-economic development in general. Hence, In December 2018 several ministries and civil society organisations in Chad, under the supervision of the Ministry of Spatial Planning, Housing and Urbanisation (MATHU), joined forces and established a commission to review the current land codes. 

LAND-at-scale programma contributes to achieve SDGs

In 2019, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs launched the 'LAND-at-scale' programme. The aim was to contribute to the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by improving the institutionalisation of land tenure and rights in developing countries. A comprehensive project "Land reform based on rapid developments and the current crisis in Chad" as designed by the Netherlands Embassy office in N’Djamena and Chadian stakeholders has been approved by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs as part of the "Land-at-Scale" programme.

I retain 2 points from this session: 1. The simplification of data collection procedures thanks to innovative high-performance equipment (significant time savings), without high acquisition costs, without requiring new skills, and adapted to new technologies. 2. The accessibility of this procedure to users. This brings cadastres closer to the populations. There you go.

Adoum Soumaine  - representing civil society, member of the local team

I am delighted to have benefited from this beautiful and enriching experience, which will help to significantly reduce our land problems

Solange Fakadi  - Member of the local team

Working first online and then in the field with our Chadian colleagues and our partners from academia and the private sector was certainly a challenging but enriching experience. Witnessing the dedication and enthusiasm to learn and to work on an approach together was binding and left a desire to do more.

Dr. Eva-Maria Unger  - Senior Land Administration Advisor, Kadaster

More about this project

Overall, capacity was built around the FFP LA approach and knowledge on tools. The focus sought to further support longer term development of a land administration system relevant to both urban and rural settings in Chad. This as a first step towards piloting and a holistic implementation. Additionally, further insight in the specific shortcomings in the present land administration system were gained and an agreed set of measures and approaches to improve the land administration situation were discussed.
Within the project, evaluation was always taking place during an after each of the activityThis was especially the case during the demonstration phase where daily feedback, was used to adapt the project approach.

The objective of the overall LAND-at-Scale project is to contribute to:

  • create a strong, fair and inclusive legal framework that meets international standards;
  • implement the legal framework, while recognising the rights of all stakeholders;
  • improve land administration by reducing costs, registration time and complexity and paying particular attention to dispute resolution and conflict management, fair compensation for farmers who have to leave their land, women, widows and youth in their rights to own and access land.

The overall objective of the project shifted from developing a blueprint and roadmap for the improved land administration situation towards a more practical and fundamental demonstrations of FFP LA methods, and the development of a plan for a larger scale pilot. This shift occurred because of the very fragmented and rudimentary existence of any land administration system

2021 - 2022

Kadaster was starting in 2021 a collaboration with MATHU. Our project was financed by the Land-at-Scale programme. Besides the project activities another focus of this project was focusing on partnership and collaboration amongst different institutions, who are active in the land sector in Chad. Hence the following stakeholders were involved in parts of the project:


Nieuws item: Indonesian land administration: big steps towards 2025

Kadaster conducted a training and advisory visit to Jakarta in July. The visit was another great opportunity to learn about all the knowledge and expertise Kadaster can bring to other countries. 

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More info and contact

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